The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) programme is designed to produce skilled graduates with in-depth knowledge in their related area of research to work independently, competently, creatively, innovatively and professionally. Simultaneously these graduates are able to use their new specialized capabilities to contribute to the body of knowledge for the benefit of mankind.

The learning outcomes of this programme are as follows:

  • apply in-depth knowledge, advanced theories and models related to the relevant research areas.
  • possess the ability to comprehend the problems, design and execute the research at the highest level of scholarship.
  • synthesise advanced multidisciplinary knowledge to improve the skills in decision-making and problem solving as well as having to ability to be creative and innovative.
  • communicate with experts and peers in related areas to spearhead advanced knowledge through research.
  • possess high values and ethics, excellent attitude and leadership capabilities in academic and professional contexts.
  • contribute to the development of knowledge through the production of quality dissertation and publications of international standards.

The programme is offered by full research. However, students without sufficient research skills and knowledge are required to enroll and pass the following courses during the first TWO (2) semesters of their enrolment (i.e. before being allowed to defend their thesis proposal):

  1. SZRZ6014 Research Methodology
  2. SCLE6014 Academic Writing
  3. Any other course as determined by the supervisor or Academic Committee.

To complete the Ph.D. programme, students are required to:

  1. Present and defend the proposed research/thesis to a committee;
  2. Present progress reports of research work at colloquiums arranged by the Graduate School or College;
  3. Produce at least TWO (2) articles, in (Option A or Option B).
  4. Attend a viva session to defend the thesis; and
  5. Submit a final thesis

Option A

  • at least ONE (1) article is accepted for publication in ISI Journal or Scopus; and
  • at least ONE (1) article is under review for publication in a refereed journal.

Option B

  • TWO (2) articles are published in a refereed journal



Applicants for the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) programme must possess:

  • a master’s degree from Universiti Utara Malaysia or any other institutions of higher learning recognised by the University Senate; OR
  • any other equivalent qualifications recognised by the University Senate; AND
  • fulfil the English language requirement as set by the University Senate.

Click here for English Language Requirements.




Research Area

Topics are related to numerous quantitative science areas as follows (but not limited),


  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Data Mining
  • Data Visualization
  • Decision Support System
  • Decision Theory
  • Game Theory
  • Metaheuristics
  • Multi-Criteria Decision Making
  • Optimization
  • Queuing Theory
  • Simulation System
  • System Dynamics
  • Timetabling and Scheduling


  • Combinatorics
  • Discrete Geometry and Topology
  • Dynamical System
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Fuzzy Mathematics
  • Game Theory
  • Graph Theory
  • Interpolation and Approximation
  • Mathematical Cryptography
  • Mathematical Finance and Actuary
  • Mathematical Modelling
  • Numerical Analysis


  • Acceptance Sampling
  • Classification and Discrimination Analysis
  • Computational Statistics
  • Exploratory Data Analysis
  • Forecasting
  • Fuzzy Time Series
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Regression Analysis
  • Robust Statistics
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Statistical Modelling
  • Statistical Quality Control
  • Survival Analysis
       ** Please refer Directory of Expertise for potential supervisor.




A System Dynamic Simulation Approach to Container Terminal Management

Cheng Jack Kie

Dr. Razman Mat Tahar (Prof.)

An Integration of Rank Order Centroid, Modified Analytical Hierarchy Process and 0-1 Integer Programming in Solving a Facility Location Problem

Mohammed Ahmed Salem BalhuwaislNazri 

Dr. Engku Muhammad Nazri Engku Abu Bakar (Prof.)

Dr. Maznah Mat Kasim (Assoc. Prof.)

Decision Support System Adoption Among Strategic Decision Makers in Higher Learning Institution in Yemen Saleh Ahmad Ali Alhamassy

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

A Hybrid Framework for Heuristic Research: The Travelling Salesperson Problem Stanley Murairwa

Dr. Engku Muhammad Nazri Engku Abu Bakar (Prof.)

Menu Planning Model for Malaysian Boarding School Using Self-Adaptive Hybrid Genetic Algorithms

Siti Noor Asyikin Mohd Razali Dr. Engku Muhammad Nazri Engku Abu Bakar (Prof.)

Enhanced Evolutionary Algorithm with Cuckoo Search for Nurse Scheduling and Rescheduling Problem

Lim Huai Tein Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Winsorize Tree Algorithm for Handling Outliers in Classification Problem

Ch'ng Chee Keong

Dr. Nor Idayu Mahat (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Ang Chooi Leng (Assoc. Prof.)

Evolutionary Algorithms with Average Crossover and Power Heuristics for Aquaculture Diet Formulation

Rosshairy Abd Rahman Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

A Multi-attribute Decision Making Procedure using Fuzzy Numbers and Hybrid Aggregators

Anath Rau a/l Krishnan

Dr. Maznah Mat Kasim (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Engku Muhammad Nazri Engku Abu Bakar (Prof.)

A Prototype of Knowledge Based Fuzzy Analytic Network Process System for Sustainable Manufacturing Indicator Adam Sharif Adli Aminuddin

Dr. Mohd Kamal Mohd Nawawi (Assoc. Prof.)

Ir. Dr. Haji Nik Mohd Zuki Nik Mohamed (UMP)

The Improvement of Strategic Crops Production Via a Goal Programming Model with Novel Multi-Interval Weights Ibrahim Zeghaiton Chaloob

Dr. Mohd Kamal Mohd Nawawi (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Defuzzification of Groups of Fuzzy Numbers using Data Envelopment Analysis

Jehan Saleh Ahmed

Dr. Maznah Mat Kasim (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Majid Zerafat Angize Langroudi

An Enhanced Approximation Mathematical Model Inventorying Items in a Multi-Echelon System under a Continuous Review Policy with Probabilistic Demand and Lead-time

Karzan Mahdi Ghafour

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Dr. Nerda Zura Zaibidi (Assoc. Prof.)

A Multiple Channel Queueing Model under an Uncertain Environment with Multiclass Arrivals for Supplying Demands in a Cement Industry Zeina Mueen Mohammed H.

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Dr. Nerda Zura Zaibidi (Assoc. Prof.)

An Alternative Approach of Super Efficiency Slack-Based Measure in Hybrid Integer and Non-Discretionary of Data Envelopment Analysis for Evaluation of Community Colleges Mushtaq Taleb Hussain

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Dr. Ruzelan Khalid

An Integrated Approach of Artificial Neural Networks and System Dynamics for Estimating Product Completion Time in a Semiautomatic Production Ahmad Afif Ahmarofi

Dr. Razamin Ramli (Prof.)

Dr. Norhaslinda Zainal Abidin (Assoc. Prof.)

Decision Framework on Selecting the Optimal Subjective Weighting Method for Evaluating E-Learning Approaches Husam Jasim Mohammed

Dr. Maznah Mat Kasim (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Izwan Nizal Mohd Shaharanee

A Hybrid Model of System Dynamics and Genetic Algorithm to Increase Crude Palm Oil Production in Malaysia Mohd Zabid M. Faeid

Dr. Norhaslinda Zainal Abidin (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Shri Dew a/p Applanaidu (Assoc. Prof.)

MELex: A New Lexicon for Sentiment Analysis in Mining Public Opinion of Malaysia Affordable Housing Projects Nurul Husna Mahadzir

Ts. Dr. Mohd Faizal Omar (Assoc. Prof.)

Sr. Dr. Mohd Nasrun Mohd Nawi (Assoc. Prof.)



Similarity Solutions of Boundary Layer Flows in a Channel Filled by non-Newtonian Fluids

Jawad Raza

Dr. Azizah Mohd Rohni

Dr. Zurni Omar (Prof.)

Generalized Active Control Algorithms for the Synchronization of Chaotic Systems
Israr Ahmad

Dr. Azizan Saaban (Assoc. Prof.)

Dr. Adyda Ibrahim

Modeling and Estimating Financial Asset under Long Memory Stochastic Volatility
Mohammed Kamel Alhagyan

Dr. Masnita Misiran @ Bakun

Dr. Zurni Omar (Prof.)

Ball Surface Representation using Partial Differential Equations (PDEs)

Ahmed Saleh Abdullah Kherd Dr. Azizan Saaban (Assoc. Prof.)
New Spline Methods for Solving First and Second Order Ordinary Differential Equations
Osama Hasan Ala'yed

Dr. Teh Yuan Ying

Dr. Azizan Saaban (Assoc. Prof.)